Karoo palaeontology

Late Carbonifereous Fossil Collection

A small but important collection of palaeoniscid and acanthodian fishes from the Witteberg Group.

Permian to early Jurassic Fossil Collection

Approximately 6200 vertebrates, mainly synapsid reptiles, have been collected from the main Karoo Basin over the past 150 years. There are 400 vertebrate specimens and good study collections of DinocephaliaDicynodontiaGorgonopsia,Prosauropoda and Captorhinida. Recent acquisitions include a 'nest' of Youngina, and complete articulated skeletons ofPristeragnathusDiictodonPareiasaurus and Rhachiocephalus.

Approximately 6200 vertebrates, mainly synapsid reptiles, have been collected from the main Karoo Basin over the past 150 years. There are 400 vertebrate specimens and good study collections of DinocephaliaDicynodontiaGorgonopsia,Prosauropoda and Captorhinida. Recent acquisitions include a 'nest' of Youngina, and complete articulated skeletons ofPristeragnathus, Diictodon, Pareiasaurus and Rhachiocephalus.

Trace Fossil Collection

There are some 300 trace fossils, which are mainly arthropod trackways from the Lower Ecca varved shales (Early Permian). There are also vertebrate tracks from the Beaufort Group (Late Permian) (see also under Invertebrate palaeontology).

The Baxter-Brown Fossil Plant Collection

Over 1300 plant fossils consist mostly of the ‘Baxter-Brown’ collection of Early Triassic material from the Molteno Formation. Several type specimens are included.