Norfolk Island Pine

  • Location: South African Museum
Norfolk Island Pine

Noteworthy events during the lifetime of this tree, planted about 1850 in the Public Gardens. Tree struck by lightning, felled and removed 1939.

CROSS-SECTION THROUGH NORFOLK ISLAND PINE

Noteworthy events during the lifetime of this tree, planted about 1850 in the Botanic Gardens, now the Public Gardens, Cape Town.

 

1850

Convict ship dispatched from Cape to Van Diemen's Land as a result of local anti-convict agitation.

Heerengracht renamed Adderley Street, after British M.P. Mr Adderley, who championed agitation against importation of convicts to the Cape Colony.

1851

First oranges exported to England; made possible by steamship service.

1852

No. 1 Reservoir built below Camp Street.

1854

First Cape Parliament sat in The Lodge de Goede Hoop, Cape Town, on 30th June.

Gold discovered in Transvaal.

Cape Commercial Bank opened.

1855

South African Museum reconstituted.

1856

Open canal in Adderley Street covered.

Wood street-paving introduced.

1857

Earthquake in Cape Town on 14 August.

Vlei on Green Point Common used for boating and model boat races.

Monthly mail service to England undertaken by Union Steamship Company; voyage took 42 days.

St Mary's Cathedral in Roeland Street completed.

1858

Strand Street macadamized.

1859

Construction commenced of Library and Museum Building - now the S A Library - in the Company's Gardens.

Construction on first railway, from Cape Town to Wellington, started.

1860

Visit of Prince Alfred to the Cape. This was the first royal visit to the Colony.

First barrow of soil tipped by Prince Alfred for the construction of Table Bay Docks on 17 July.

No. 2 Reservoir built below Camp Street.

Penny postage introduced for letters within the City.

First telegraph service, a privately owned line, introduced from Cape Town to Simonstown.

1861

First horsetram service introduced between Cape Town and Sea Point.

1862

First sod turned for the railway between Cape Town and Wynberg.

1863

Visit of the privateer Alabama to Cape Town.

Old Synagogue built in St. John's Street, Gardens.

1864

Railway between Cape Town and Wynberg opened.

Noonday gun first fired by electricity.

1865

Sixty people died and 18 ships lost in Table Bay in the great gale on the night of 17 May.

Lighthouse on Robben Island lit for the first time.

Statue of Sir George Grey -- -the first statue in Cape Town --- erected in the Botanic Gardens.

1867

First diamond discovered at Hopetown.

Second visit of Prince Alfred to the Cape.

First Mayor of Cape Town installed.

Severe drought in Cape Town; it did not affect the growth of this tree.

1869

The steamship Great Eastern in Table Bay. A token penny issued by local firm, Marsh & Sons, to mark the event.

Public executions abolished.

1870

Streets lit by gas during winter.

Tinned meats exported experimentally from the Cape.

Alfred Docks opened on 17 May.

1872

Responsible government granted to the Cape Colony.

1873

University of Cape of Good Hope, the fore-runner of University of South Africa, founded.

Visit of HMS Challenger to Cape Town during marine research expedition around the world.

1874

Foundation stone laid of present Houses of Parliament.

Construction of Molteno Reservoir commenced.

1877

Fist South African International Exhibition held in Cape Town.

1878

Arrival of first telephones.

1879

Metropolitan Church built on Greenmarket Square.

1880

Pillar boxes introduced in Cape Town.

1881

Bursting of newly completed Molteno Reservoir floods Cape Town.

1882

Robinson Graving Dock constructed.

1883

Standard Bank Building in Adderley Street opened.

1884

First exhibition of South African products and manufactured goods held in Cape Town.

1885

Telephone exchange opened in Cape Town.

Simonstown Docks taken over by British Admiralty.

1886

First masonry building ,the Colonial Mutual Building, with the first lift erected in Cape Town.

Present Houses of Parliament opened.

Malay cemetries closed on Signal Hill, under protest.

1887

Jubilee of Queen Victoria celebrated and her statue erected in the garden of the Houses of Parliament.

1889

First submarine cable to England was laid.

1890

Railway station (on the present Golden Acre site) rebuilt and extended.

1892

Botanic Gardens ceded to Cape Town Municipality as Public Gardens. Municipal electricity scheme inaugurated.

1893

Commercial Exchange, on site of present OK Bazaars Building in Adderley Street, demolished.

Opening of Opera House on 31 August.

1895

Earthquake in Cape Town on 7 September.

De Waal park, formerly Jubilee Park, laid out.

1896

Streets lit by electricity.

SS `Pieter Faure', Cape Government Marine Survey vessel, commissioned.

1897

First electric-tram service introduced.

South African Museum Building opened on present site.

Old General Post Office---the biggest building in South Africa at the time---opened in Adderley Street, on site of present OK Bazaars Building.

First motor car arrived in Cape Town; driven by J. P. Hess and known as `Coffeepot'.

Queen Victoria Diamond Jubilee celebrated.

1898

New Street, formerly Thuyn Street, renamed Queen Victoria Street.

1899

Coat-of-arms, granted to Cape Town by Commissioner-General de Mist in 1804, confirmed by letters-patent.

Fresh-produce marked opened in Sir Lowry Road.

Mount Nelson Hotel opened.

Outbreak of Anglo-Boer War.

1900

City Hall foundation stone laid.

Balloon ascent from Rosebank showgrounds. Aeronaut dropped in Molteno Reservoir, and was drowned.

1901

Visit of Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York (later King George V and Queen Mary).

Foundation stone of new St George's Cathedral laid by Duke of Cornwall and York.

General mourning of Queen Victoria's death.

Last toll gate, in Woodstock, abolished.

1902

Scenic tram service to Camps Bay, via Clifton and Kloof Neck, introduced.

1903

Death of Cecil John Rhodes.

Memorial tablet erected by S A Philosophical Society on site of De la Caille's Observatory in Strand Street.

1904

New Synagogue built in St John's Street, Gardens.

1905

City Hall completed.

1906

First service held in crypt of new St George's Cathedral.

1906/7

First aeroplane demonstrated at the Cape.

1908

First silent cinematography film shown in the Good Hope Hall.

1910

Act of Union of South Africa.

Historical Pageant staged at Cape Town.

Death of King Edward VII.

Pageant, depicting South Africa's history, staged in Cape Town.

1911

Construction of a 300-metres long pier commenced at foot of Adderley Street.

1912

Aerial record established by Mr Driver, by flying over Table Mountain; in a monoplane with Gnome engine and wing membrane of silk.

1913

Koopmans de Wet House opened as a cultural history annexe of the South African Museum.

Kirstenbosch Botanical Gardens opened.

Pier opened by Sir Frederick de Waal, Administrator of the Cape Province.

Greater Cape Town formed by amalgamation of the suburban municipalities, with the exception Wynberg, with Cape Town Municipality.

1914

Municipal Orchestra (later Cape Town Symphony Orchestra) founded.

Captain Scott died in the Antarctic. (Cape Town was the refit station for his expedition's ships). (Argosy monument at lower end of Adderley Street.)

1916

The Slave Tree, an old fir-tree on Church Square, removed.

1917

The Michaelis Collection in the Old Town House, officially opened.

1920

The Government's Fisheries Survey vessel, SS Pickle, commissioned. Death of Olive Schreiner in Cape Town.

1922

First wireless broadcast in Cape Town by Mr Streeter.

1923

Carrilon installed in City Hall.

First Union coinage in Cape Town.

1924

First official broadcast by Cape Town Broadcasting Company, from Argus Building.

1925

Visit of Prince of Wales to South Africa; laid foundation stone of new buildings of University of Cape Town, in Rondebosch.

Afrikaans declared an official language.

1926

Capt. Scott's ship Discovery, reconditioned for research on whales and Antarctic marine biology, visited the Cape.

1927

African Broadcasting Company founded.

1928

First `talkie' film shown in the Astoria, Woodstock.

Wynberg Municipality amalgamated with Greater Cape Town.

1929

Table Mountain Cableway opened.

The `great depression'.

1930

Camps Bay scenic tram route closed.

RRS Discovery II, whaling and Antarctic research ship, refitted in Cape Town.

SA National Gallery opened.

Delville Wood memorial and garden in Company's Garden opened

1931

The Government's Fisheries vessel, RV Africana, commissioned.

1932

New wing of SA Museum, housing Ethnology and Mammal galleries, opened.

1934

Cape Archives transferred to former university building in Queen Victoria Street.

1936

Death of king George V.

Present South African Broadcasting Corporation founded.

1937

Opera House closed on 7 January and demolished to make way for present General Post Office.

Coronation of King George VI.

1938

Pier demolished for reclamation of Rogge Bay and construction of Duncan Docks.

1939

Tramcars replaced by trackless trams.

The S A Mutual Building, in Darling Street, and the General Post Office, Cape Town's tallest buildings for the next 20 years, nearing completion.

Outbreak of World War II.

TREE STRUCK BY LIGHTNING, FELLED AND REMOVED.

Back to Permanent Exhibitions